My City Beautiful Chandigarh Essay Definition

Sample Cue Card

Posted on July 18, 2016 6:24 am byMind Maker

Cue Card topics of 6th  July, 2016

Describe your favourite part of your town or city.

My city is a tourist place and has many places to visit. However, my famous place is a lake which is the popular spot to visit, among people of my city and nearby towns.

  • Chandigarh is the name of my city and it is known as the city beautiful. It is the capital of two states also.
  • This beautiful city is one of the most planned cities in my country. It has been the place of attraction to the people since its establishment.
  • The lake about which i am going to speak is known as Sukhna Lake. It attracts millions of visitors annually.
  • Many fun activities are arranged for the young people and children there. The toddlers can enjoy rides in toy train and the adults try hand in bungee jumps.
  • I always enjoy watching peple participating in various activities.
  • Another attraction is boating on the clean and calm water of the lake. Its children who shriek with happiness after getting experience of pedalling and rowing their own boats.
  • This place remains filled with merry making people on weekends and when the weather is pleasant. I go there in the evenings, for stroll,with my cousins.
  • The lush green and properly mowed lawns are a feast to eyes. The greenery around the lake provides soothing effect to the tired and stresed out minds.
  • This place is certainly the most popular place amongst the people of my city and definitely mine too.

Talk about a creative person.

  • I’m going to talk about a person whom i consider as the most creative one. She is my next door neighbour, Mrs. Tanya.
  • She is a mother of two school going children and she is a homemaker and anyone can see that she is the real homemaker.
  • She has shown her skills by using the waste material for various purposes.
  • Her garden is full of planters made from broken bins and water bottles.
  • She loves to share novel ideas with her neighbous and my mother often goes to her to take some tips.
  • Tanya is a very good painter also. She has painted old, cracked and even broken glass utensils and use those as flower vases to decorate her interior by arranging fresh flowers in them.
  • After stepping into her house, anyone can sense the difference by looking around as every corner of her house is arranged and beautified with her creative skills.
  • She takes classes of art and craft also at her place. Many students come to her during school vacations to learn new things.
  • She is quite famous in our city for her creative aptitude.

Describe any family known to you.

  • I would like to talk about our next door neighbours. I consider their family as a happy and contented one.
  • They have been residing in our neighbourhood for decades so they are more than just neighbours to us.
  • Sharma is the head of the family. He has his wife, son and daughter in the family.
  • Sharma is professor in university and Mrs. Sharma is also a teacher in school.
  • We have warm relations with one another. The children in the family are like my elder brother and sister. Though i am the only child of my parents but they always treat me like their younger sibling and never let me feel alone.
  • They help me in my studies and I spend quality time in their company.
  • My father is a businessman and he travels a lot. In his absence Mr. And Mrs. Sharma help my mother and me to manage our household affairs.
  • Sharma is quite popular in our town for his generosity.
  • He is known for his intelligence also. As he is a Professor of Mathematics, so many students come to him for clarifying their doubts regarding their studies. The most admirable quality of his is this he never charges even a single penny from students.
  • Sharma family is well cultured, sociable and down to earth. I admire them all for their warm nature. As it’s quite difficult to find true friends in this modern callous world.
  • I am lucky to have such nice people in my neighbourhood.

Categorised in: Ideas for IELTS Cue Cards, News and Events, Uncategorized

This post was written by Mind Maker

Sample Cue Card

Posted on July 18, 2016 6:24 am byMind Maker

Cue Card topics of 6th  July, 2016

Describe your favourite part of your town or city.

My city is a tourist place and has many places to visit. However, my famous place is a lake which is the popular spot to visit, among people of my city and nearby towns.

  • Chandigarh is the name of my city and it is known as the city beautiful. It is the capital of two states also.
  • This beautiful city is one of the most planned cities in my country. It has been the place of attraction to the people since its establishment.
  • The lake about which i am going to speak is known as Sukhna Lake. It attracts millions of visitors annually.
  • Many fun activities are arranged for the young people and children there. The toddlers can enjoy rides in toy train and the adults try hand in bungee jumps.
  • I always enjoy watching peple participating in various activities.
  • Another attraction is boating on the clean and calm water of the lake. Its children who shriek with happiness after getting experience of pedalling and rowing their own boats.
  • This place remains filled with merry making people on weekends and when the weather is pleasant. I go there in the evenings, for stroll,with my cousins.
  • The lush green and properly mowed lawns are a feast to eyes. The greenery around the lake provides soothing effect to the tired and stresed out minds.
  • This place is certainly the most popular place amongst the people of my city and definitely mine too.

Talk about a creative person.

  • I’m going to talk about a person whom i consider as the most creative one. She is my next door neighbour, Mrs. Tanya.
  • She is a mother of two school going children and she is a homemaker and anyone can see that she is the real homemaker.
  • She has shown her skills by using the waste material for various purposes.
  • Her garden is full of planters made from broken bins and water bottles.
  • She loves to share novel ideas with her neighbous and my mother often goes to her to take some tips.
  • Tanya is a very good painter also. She has painted old, cracked and even broken glass utensils and use those as flower vases to decorate her interior by arranging fresh flowers in them.
  • After stepping into her house, anyone can sense the difference by looking around as every corner of her house is arranged and beautified with her creative skills.
  • She takes classes of art and craft also at her place. Many students come to her during school vacations to learn new things.
  • She is quite famous in our city for her creative aptitude.

Describe any family known to you.

  • I would like to talk about our next door neighbours. I consider their family as a happy and contented one.
  • They have been residing in our neighbourhood for decades so they are more than just neighbours to us.
  • Sharma is the head of the family. He has his wife, son and daughter in the family.
  • Sharma is professor in university and Mrs. Sharma is also a teacher in school.
  • We have warm relations with one another. The children in the family are like my elder brother and sister. Though i am the only child of my parents but they always treat me like their younger sibling and never let me feel alone.
  • They help me in my studies and I spend quality time in their company.
  • My father is a businessman and he travels a lot. In his absence Mr. And Mrs. Sharma help my mother and me to manage our household affairs.
  • Sharma is quite popular in our town for his generosity.
  • He is known for his intelligence also. As he is a Professor of Mathematics, so many students come to him for clarifying their doubts regarding their studies. The most admirable quality of his is this he never charges even a single penny from students.
  • Sharma family is well cultured, sociable and down to earth. I admire them all for their warm nature. As it’s quite difficult to find true friends in this modern callous world.
  • I am lucky to have such nice people in my neighbourhood.

Categorised in: Ideas for IELTS Cue Cards, News and Events, Uncategorized

This post was written by Mind Maker

Chandigarh
City and Union territory

Clockwise from top left:.Palace of Assembly, Rock Garden of Chandigarh, Sector 42 Stadium, Sukhna Lake, Open Hand Monument and Gandhi Bhawan,

Nickname(s): The City Beautiful[a]

Location of Chandigarh in India
Coordinates: 30°45′N76°47′E / 30.75°N 76.78°E / 30.75; 76.78Coordinates: 30°45′N76°47′E / 30.75°N 76.78°E / 30.75; 76.78
Country India
Formation of
Union territory††
1 November 1966
Government
 • TypeUnion territoryMunicipality
 • AdministratorV.P. Singh Badnore
 • MayorAsha Kumari Jaswal[1]
 • Senior Deputy MayorRajesh Kumar Gupta[1]
 • Deputy MayorAnil Dubey[1]
Area
 • Union territory114 km2 (44 sq mi)
Area rank34th in India
Elevation350 m (1,150 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Union territory1,055,450
 • Density9,262/km2 (23,988/sq mi)
 • Metro[3]1,025,682 (51st)
 • City[4]960,787 (48th)
Languages[5]
 • officialEnglish
 • education medium[6]Hindi, Punjabi
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
PIN160XXX
Telephone code+91-172-XXX-XXXX
ISO 3166 codeIN-CH
Vehicle registrationCH-01 to CH-04
Literacy86.05%
Websitechandigarh.nic.in

The city of Chandigarh comprises all of the union territory's area.
††under Section 4 of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966.

Symbols of Chandigarh
EmblemOpen Hand Emblem
AnimalIndian grey mongoose[7]
BirdIndian grey hornbill
FlowerDhak
TreeBlue Jacaranda

Chandigarh (local pronunciation: [tʃə̃ˈɖiːɡəɽʱ] ( listen)) is a city and a union territory in India that serves as the capital of the two neighboring states of Haryana and Punjab. The city is unique in that it is not a part of either of the two states but is governed directly by the Union Government, which administers all such territories in the country.

Chandigarh is bordered by the state of Punjab to the north, the west and the south, and to the state of Haryana to the east. It is considered to be a part of the Chandigarh capital region or Greater Chandigarh, which includes Chandigarh, and the city of Panchkula (in Haryana) and cities of Kharar, Kurali, Mohali, Zirakpur (in Punjab). It is located 260 km (162 miles) north of New Delhi, 229 km (143 miles) southeast of Amritsar and just 116 km (72 miles) southwest of Shimla.

It was one of the early planned cities in post-independence India and is internationally known for its architecture and urban design.[8] The master plan of the city was prepared by Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier, which transformed from earlier plans created by the Polish architect Maciej Nowicki and the American planner Albert Mayer. Most of the government buildings and housing in the city, were designed by the Chandigarh Capital Project Team headed by Le Corbusier, Jane Drew and Maxwell Fry. In 2015, an article published by BBC named Chandigarh as one of the perfect cities of the world in terms of architecture, cultural growth and modernisation.[9][10]

Chandigarh’s Capitol Complex was in July 2016 declared by UNESCO as World Heritage at the 40th session of World Heritage Conference held in Istanbul. UNESCO inscription was under "The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier an outstanding contribution to the Modern Movement". The Capitol Complex buildings include the Punjab and Haryana High Court, Punjab and Haryana Secretariat and Punjab and Haryana Assembly along with monuments Open hand, Martyrs Memorial, Geometric Hill and Tower of Shadow.

The city has one of the highest per capita income in the country. The city was reported to be one of the cleanest in India based on a national government study.[11][12] The union territory also heads the list of Indian states and territories according to Human Development Index.[13] In 2015, a survey by LG Electronics, ranked it as the happiest city in India over the happiness index.[14][15] The metropolitan area of Chandigarh–Mohali–Panchkula collectively forms a Tri-city, with a combined population of over 2 million.[16]

Etymology[edit]

The name Chandigarh is a compound of Chandi and Garh. Chandi refers to Hindu goddess Chandi, the warrior Avatar of Goddess Parvati, and Garh means fortress.[17] The name is derived from Chandi Mandir, an ancient temple devoted to the Hindu Goddess Chandi, near the city in Panchkula District.[18]

The motif or sobriquet of "The City Beautiful" was derived from the City Beautiful movement that was a popular philosophy in North American urban planning during the 1890s and 1900s. Architect Albert Mayer, the initial planner of Chandigarh, lamented the American rejection of City Beautiful concepts and declared "We want to create a beautiful city..."[19] The phrase was used on as a logo in official publications in the 1970s, and is now how the city describes itself.[20][21]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The city has a prehistoric past. Due to the presence of a lake, the area has fossil remains with imprints of a large variety of aquatic plants and animals, and amphibian life, which were supported by that environment. As it was a part of the Punjab region, it had many rivers nearby where the ancient and primitive settling of humans began. So, about 8000 years ago, the area was also known to be a home to the Harappans.[22]

Modern history[edit]

Chandigarh was the dream city of India's first Prime Minister, Jawahar Lal Nehru. After the partition of India in 1947, the former British province of Punjab was split between (mostly Sikhs) East Punjab in India and (mostly Muslim) West Punjab in Pakistan.[23] The Indian Punjab required a new capital city to replace Lahore, which became part of Pakistan during the partition.[24][25] Therefore, an American planner and architect Albert Mayer was tasked to design a new city called "Chandigarh" in 1949. The government carved out Chandigarh of nearly 50 Pwadhi speaking villages of the then state of East Punjab, India.[26]Shimla was the temporary capital of East Punjab until Chandigarh was completed in 1960.

Albert Mayer, during his work on the development and planning of the new capital city of Chandigarh, developed a superblock-based city threaded with green spaces which emphasized cellular neighborhoods and traffic segregation. His site plan used natural characteristics, using its gentle grade to promote drainage and rivers to orient the plan. Mayer discontinued his work on Chandigarh after developing a master plan for the city when his architect-partner Matthew Nowicki died in a plane crash in 1950. Government officials recruited Le Corbusier to succeed Mayer and Nowicki, who enlisted many elements of Mayer's original plan without attributing them to him.[27]

Le Corbusier designed many administration buildings, including the High Court, the Palace of Assembly and the Secretariat Building. Le Corbusier also designed the general layout of the city, dividing it into sectors. Chandigarh hosts the largest of Le Corbusier's many Open Hand sculptures, standing 26 metres high. The Open Hand (La Main Ouverte) is a recurring motif in Le Corbusier's architecture, a sign for him of "peace and reconciliation. It is open to give and open to receive." It represents what Le Corbusier called the "Second Machine Age".[28] Two of the six monuments planned in the Capitol Complex which has the High Court, the Assembly and the Secretariat, remain incomplete. These include Geometric Hill and Martyrs Memorial; drawings were made, and they were begun in 1956, but they were never completed.[29]

On 1 November 1966, the newly formed state of Haryana was carved out of the eastern portion of East Punjab, in order to create a new state for the majority Haryanvi-speaking people in that portion, while the western portion of East Punjab retained a mostly Punjabi-speaking majority and was renamed as Punjab. Chandigarh was located on the border of both states and the states moved to incorporate the city into their respective territories. However, the city of Chandigarh was declared a union territory to serve as capital of both states.[30]

As of 2016, many historical villages in Chandigarh are still inhabited within the modern blocks of sectors including Burail and Attawa, while there are a number of non-sectoral villages that lie on the outskirts of the city. These villages were a part of the pre-Chandigarh era.[31]

Geography and ecology[edit]

Location[edit]

Chandigarh is located near the foothills of the Sivalik range of the Himalayas in northwest India. It covers an area of approximately 114 km2.[25] It shares its borders with the states of Haryana and Punjab. The exact cartographic co-ordinates of Chandigarh are 30°44′N76°47′E / 30.74°N 76.79°E / 30.74; 76.79.[32] It has an average elevation of 321 metres (1053 ft).

The city, lying in the northern plains, has vast fertile and flat land. It has portions of Bhabar in the north east and Terai in rest of the area.[33] The surrounding cities are Mohali, Patiala, Zirakpur and Roopnagar in Punjab, Panchkula, and Ambala in Haryana.

Chandigarh is situated 114 km southwest of Shimla, 45 km (28 miles) northeast of Ambala, 229 km (143 miles) southeast of Amritsar and 250 km (156 miles) north of Delhi.

Climate[edit]

Chandigarh
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND

 

 

33

 

 

16

3

 

 

39

 

 

20

5

 

 

30

 

 

25

10

 

 

9

 

 

32

16

 

 

28

 

 

35

20

 

 

145

 

 

36

22

 

 

280

 

 

31

21

 

 

308

 

 

30

20

 

 

133

 

 

30

19

 

 

22

 

 

29

14

 

 

9

 

 

24

8

 

 

22

 

 

19

4

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: World Weather Information Service
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND

 

 

1.3

 

 

62

38

 

 

1.5

 

 

68

42

 

 

1.2

 

 

78

51

 

 

0.4

 

 

89

61

 

 

1.1

 

 

96

68

 

 

5.7

 

 

96

72

 

 

11

 

 

88

70

 

 

12

 

 

85

69

 

 

5.2

 

 

86

66

 

 

0.9

 

 

84

57

 

 

0.4

 

 

76

46

 

 

0.9

 

 

66

39

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Chandigarh has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cwa) characterised by a seasonal rhythm: very hot summers, mild winters, unreliable rainfall and great variation in temperature (−1 °C to 46 °C OR 30.2 °F to 114 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1110.7 mm. The city also receives occasional winter rains from the Western Disturbance originating over the Mediterranean Sea.

The western disturbances usually brings rain predominantly from mid-December till end of April which can be heavier sometimes with strong winds and hails if the weather turns colder (during March–April months) which usually proves disastrous to the crops. Cold winds usually tend to come from the north near Shimla, capital of Himachal Pradesh and from the state of Jammu and Kashmir, both of which receive their share of snowfall during wintertime.

The city experiences the following seasons and the respective average temperatures:

  • Spring: The climate remains the most enjoyable part of the year during the spring season (from February-end to early-April). Temperatures vary between (max) 13 °C to 20 °C and (min) 5 °C to 12 °C.
  • Autumn: In autumn (from September-end to mid November.), the temperature may rise to a maximum of 30 °C. Temperatures usually remain between 10° to 22° in autumn. The minimum temperature is around 6 °C.
  • Summer: The temperature in summer (from Mid-April to June-end) may rise to 44 °C. The temperatures might sometime rise to 44 °C in mid-June. Temperatures generally vary between 40 and 42 °C.
  • Monsoon: During monsoon (from early-July to mid-September), Chandigarh receives moderate to heavy rainfall and sometimes heavy to very heavy rainfall (generally during the month of August or September). Usually, the rain bearing monsoon winds blow from south-west/south-east. Mostly, the city receives heavy rain from south (which is mainly a persistent rain) but it generally receives most of its rain during monsoon either from North-west or North-east. Maximum amount of rain received by the city of Chandigarh during monsoon season is 195.5 mm in a single day.
  • Winter: Winters (November-end to February-end) are mild but it can sometimes get quite chilly in Chandigarh. Average temperatures in the winter remain at (max) 5 °C to 14 °C and (min) -1 °C to 5 °C. Rain usually comes from the west during winters and it is usually a persistent rain for 2–3 days with sometimes hailstorms. The city witnessed bone-numbing chill as the maximum temperature on Monday, 7 January 2013 plunged to a 30-year low to settle at 6.1 degrees Celsius.
Climate data for Chandigarh
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)27.7
(81.9)
32.8
(91)
37.8
(100)
42.7
(108.9)
44.6
(112.3)
45.3
(113.5)
42.0
(107.6)
39.0
(102.2)
37.5
(99.5)
37.0
(98.6)
34.0
(93.2)
28.5
(83.3)
45.6
(114.1)
Average high °C (°F)20.4
(68.7)
23.1
(73.6)
28.4
(83.1)
34.5
(94.1)
38.3
(100.9)
38.6
(101.5)
34.0
(93.2)
32.7
(90.9)
33.1
(91.6)
31.8
(89.2)
27.3
(81.1)
22.1
(71.8)
30.4
(86.7)
Average low °C (°F)6.1
(43)
8.3
(46.9)
13.4
(56.1)
18.9
(66)
23.1
(73.6)
25.4
(77.7)
23.9
(75)
23.3
(73.9)
21.8
(71.2)
17.0
(62.6)
10.5
(50.9)
6.7
(44.1)
16.5
(61.7)
Record low °C (°F)0.0
(32)
0.0
(32)
4.2
(39.6)
7.8
(46)
13.4
(56.1)
14.8
(58.6)
14.2
(57.6)
17.2
(63)
14.3
(57.7)
9.4
(48.9)
3.7
(38.7)
0.0
(32)
0.0
(32)
Average rainfall mm (inches)33.1
(1.303)
38.9
(1.531)
30.4
(1.197)
8.5
(0.335)
28.4
(1.118)
145.2
(5.717)
280.4
(11.039)
307.5
(12.106)
133.0
(5.236)
21.9
(0.862)
9.4
(0.37)
21.9
(0.862)
1,059.3
(41.705)
Average rainy days2.62.82.61.12.16.312.311.45.01.40.81.449.8
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[34][35]

Ecosystem[edit]

Most of Chandigarh is covered by dense banyan and eucalyptus plantations. Ashoka, cassia, mulberry and other trees flourish in the forested ecosystem. The city has forests surrounding that sustain many animal and plant species.[36]Deer, sambars, barking deer, parrots, woodpeckers and peacocks inhabit the protected forests. Sukhna Lake hosts a variety of ducks and geese, and attracts migratory birds from parts of Siberia and Japan in the winter season.

The Parrot Bird Sanctuary Chandigarh situated in sector 21 of the city provides home to a large number of parrots. Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1998.

Landscape[edit]

Sukhna Lake, a 3 km artificial rain-fed lake in Sector 1,[37] was created in 1958 by damming the Sukhna Choe, a seasonal stream coming down from the Shivalik Hills.[38]

Chandigarh has a belt of parks running from sector to sector. It is known for its green belts and other special tourist parks.[39] Sukhna Lake itself hosts a large number of gardens, including the Garden of Silence.[40] The Rock Garden, also known as Nek Chand Rock Garden after its founder,[41][42] has numerous sculptures made by using a variety of different discarded waste materials like frames, mudguards, forks, handle bars, metal wires, play marbles, porcelain, auto parts, broken bangles etc.[43] The 30-40 acre Zakir Hussain Rose Garden contains nearly 825 varieties of roses in it and more than 32,500 varieties of other medicinal plants and trees.[44] Other gardens include the Garden of Fragrance in Sector 36, Garden of Palms in Sector 42, Butterfly Park in Sector 26, Valley of Animals in Sector 49, the Japanese Garden in Sector 31 and the Terraced Garden in Sector 33, Shanti Kunj Garden located between rose garden and cricket stadium in Sector 16 is another garden full of flora and fauna.This garden contains plenty of medicinal plants which are used to cure many diseases.[45] the Botanical Garden and the Bougainvillea Garden,.[46]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As of 2011[update] India census, Chandigarh had a population of 1,055,450,[2] making for a density of about 9,252 (7,900 in 2001) persons per square kilometre.[47][48]

Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. The sex ratio is 818 females for every 1,000 males[4] –which is the third lowest in the country,[49][b] up from 773 in 2001. The child sex ratio is 880 females per thousand males, up from 819 in 2001.[50] Chandigarh has an average literacy rate of 86.77%, higher than the national average; with male literacy of 90.81% and female literacy of 81.88%.[4] 10.8% of the population is under 6 years of age.[4]

There has been a substantial decline in the population growth rate in Chandigarh, with just 17.10% growth between 2001-2011. Since, 1951-1961 the rate has decreased from 394.13% to 17.10%. This is probably because of rapid urbanisation and development in neighbouring cities.[51] The urban population constitutes of as high as 97.25% of the total and the rural population makes up 2.75% as there are only few villages within Chandigarh on its Western and South-Eastern border and majority of people live in the heart of Chandigarh.[50]

Languages[edit]

English is the sole official language of Chandigarh. The majority of the population speaks Hindi (67.53%) while Punjabi is spoken by 27.89%.[5] Government schools use English, Hindi and Punjabi textbooks.[6]

Religion[edit]

Hinduism is the prominent religion of Chandigarh followed by 80.78% of the population. Sikhism is the second most popular religion in the city followed by 13.11% of the people. In Chandigarh city Islam is followed by 4.87%. Minorities are Christians 0.83%, Jains 0.19%, Buddhists 0.11%, those that didn't state a religion are 0.10%, and others are 0.02%.[53]

Many institutions serve the minorities in the city. One such being the Roman Catholic Diocese of Simla and Chandigarh, serving the Catholics, which even has a co-cathedral in the city, Christ the King Co-Cathedral, although it never was a separate bishopric. Most of the convent schools of Chandigarh are governed by this institution.

Chandigarh hosts many religious places, including the temple on which it was named - Chandimandir. The ISKCON temple in Sector 36 is one among the worship places for Hindus. Nada Sahib Gurudwara, a famous place for Sikh worship lies in its vicinity.[54] Apart from this, there are a couple of historical mosques in Manimajra and Burail.[55]

Economy[edit]

Chandigarh has been rated as one of the "Wealthiest Town" of India.[56] The Reserve Bank of India ranked Chandigarh as the Third largest deposit centre and seventh largest credit centre nationwide as of June 2012. With a per capita income of ₹99,262, Chandigarh is one of the richest city in India.[57] Chandigarh's gross state domestic product for 2014-15 is estimated at ₹0.29 lakh crore (US$4.3 billion) in current prices. According to a 2014 survey, Chandigarh is ranked 4th in the top 50 cities identified globally as "emerging outsourcing and IT services destinations" ahead of cities like Beijing.[58]

Employment[edit]

The government is a major employer in Chandigarh with three governments having their base here i.e. Chandigarh Administration, Punjab government and Haryana government. A significant percentage of Chandigarh’s population therefore consists of people who are either working for one of these governments or have retired from government service mainly Armed forces. For this reason, Chandigarh is often called a "Pensioner's Paradise".[59] Ordnance Cable Factory of the Ordnance Factories Board

Population growth in Chandigarh over the years.

Languages of Chandigarh (2001)[5]

  Hindi (67.53%)

  Punjabi (27.89%)

  Urdu (0.81%)

  Tamil (0.63%)

  Others (3.14%)

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